照化入鏡:柯錫杰心世界 Transcendental Visions: Ko Si-Chi's Art Works|台南市美術館|活動

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柯錫杰,為臺灣現代攝影的先驅之一。1961年,甫自日本東京綜合寫真學校(Tokyo College of Photography)學成歸國的柯錫杰,歷經日本二次大戰後經濟復甦及當時日本前衛藝術環境影響,與學院內攝影專業與現代美術知識的養成,柯錫杰在當時臺灣社會氣氛較為封閉的環境下與世界藝術潮流已然接軌。相較於當時臺灣攝影界所流行之外景沙龍、報導攝影為主軸的脈絡,柯錫杰的鏡頭所關注的是更多對於個人攝影風格的探索與追求。

柯錫杰1929年生於臺南,1947年自高雄工業學校畢業,1959年前往日本東京綜合寫真專門學校修業,師從日本攝影家重森弘淹(Shigemori Koen)先生;1962年於高雄臺灣新聞報畫廊舉辦第一次個展,展出作品〈盲母〉於當時獲得臺灣現代藝術發展啟蒙者顧獻樑肯定。1968年赴美發展,1971年於紐約市開設攝影工作室,開始在商業及時尚攝影界持續發展,在看盡繁華起落後,1979年關閉攝影工作室後離開紐約市,展開追尋自我藝術實踐的旅程,足跡遍及北非、歐洲及中國。在紐約商業攝影的經歷,讓柯錫杰不論在各種地理或風土環境下,皆可將心中意念轉化於影像上,且因著人生的各種起伏歷練,濃縮了自身創作的獨到風格,特別是浪遊歐洲與非洲時期之作品,也因當時全彩攝影在臺灣並非主流,此時期作品對臺灣攝影風格的演變造成了深遠的影響與漣漪。

臺南市美術館本次策劃「照化入鏡:柯錫杰心世界」,為柯錫杰首次於家鄉臺南舉辦的大型個展。本展以其攝影脈絡出發,並以各時期之攝影詮釋方式來呈現其風格建構與面貌。本展子題 「自銀鹽出發」、「定影」、「心象」、「時空顯影」,涵蓋了早期創作的起點、個人風格的建立、精準的人物攝影,亦展出柯錫杰創作生涯最知名的浪遊歐洲與北非所拍攝的經典系列與轉染法攝影。除作品外,本展也呈現柯錫杰創作以來所累積的各類型底片印樣、生活照、文件、相機等文件物品,讓觀者在了解藝術家創作脈絡之外,亦能藉此想像藝術家的創作過程與生活樣貌。

綜觀柯錫杰一生所拍攝之作品,可以清楚的看見攝影術作為其藝術媒材對不同被攝物的詮釋,無論是轉染法、棚內人像、高山、低谷、紀實等,皆可清楚的看見柯錫杰透過藝術探索心中的完美風景,其強烈的個人風格也讓他的作品有非常顯眼的辨識度。本館透過梳理藝術家的創作脈絡,希望能讓觀眾的眼睛眼也如相機般,參觀完展覽後將柯錫杰的身影與作品「照化」於心,能更熟悉這位臺灣傑出的藝術家。

Transcendental Visions: Ko Si-Chi's Art Works

Ko Si-chi is a pioneer of modern photography in Taiwan. In 1961, Ko Si-chi, who just graduated from the Tokyo College of Photography, returned to Taiwan with a spirit influenced by the economic recovery in Japan following World War II and the Japanese avant-garde movement at that time. Taiwan was still a very closed society, but Ko Si-chi's works were already attuned to global art trends. While location photography and documentary photography were what were popular in Taiwan at that time, Ko Si-chi poured his heart into exploring and pursuing his individual photography style.

Ko Si-chi was born in Tainan in 1929. After graduating from Kaohsiung Polytechnic Institute in 1947, he went to study at the Tokyo College of Photography in 1959, where he studied under the tutelage of Japanese photographer Shigemori Koen,. In 1962, Ko held his first solo exhibition at the NewsTaiwan Gallery in Kaohsiung. His work Blind Mother received recognition from Mr. Koo Hsien-liang, a prominent modern art pioneer in Taiwan. In 1968, Ko went to the United States to further his career and opened up his photography studio in New York City in 1971. He was active in commercial and fashion photography till 1979. After that, he shut down his studio, left New York, and embarked on a self-imposed exile to Europe, North Africa, and China for his personal artistic realization. Ko's commercial photography career in New York enabled him to visualize his thoughts into images, no matter in what kind of environment. His interesting life journey of ups and downs also fostered his unique style, especially his full-spectrum photography works created when traveling in Europe and Africa. These works left a lasting, profound influence on the development of photography in Taiwan.

This time, the "Mindscape" exhibition curated by the Tainan Art Museum is the first-ever large-scale solo exhibition held for Ko Si-chi in his hometown of Tainan. This exhibition starts from the context of photography and presents the stylistic construction and photographic expression of Ko's works at different stages. The four themes include "Starting with Silver Halide", "Fixed Images", "Mind Images", and "Images over Time and Space." These works span across his entire career, from early inception, the establishment of his aesthetic style, his realistic portrait photography, to his most iconic works created in Europe and North Africa, including the most celebrated dye transfer works. In addition to his photographic works, this exhibition also provides a glimpse into the photographer's creative life and artistic process by showcasing many of his work items, like various types of negative prints, daily life photos, cameras, and other documents and materials.

Looking at Ko Si-chi's works throughout his life, we can clearly see how he used photography as his artistic medium to interpret different subject matters. We can also appreciate the perfect inner landscapes that Ko explored in art, be it the dye transfer works, studio portraits, and landscape documentation of mountains and valleys. He had such a strong personal style that makes his works so distinguishable. By providing a clear understanding of Ko's artistic context, we hope our visitors, with eyes like a shutter, can capture in their heart the images and artworks of Ko, and thus deepen familiarity with this outstanding Taiwanese artist.

照化入鏡:柯錫杰心世界
時間:2022/4/2 - 2022/9/1 10:00 - 18:00
地點:台南市美術館1館2樓展覽室C、展覽室D、展覽室E、展覽室F、展覽室G

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